NEW DELHIinfo-icon:- Russian President Vladimir Putin and Indiainfo-icon's Prime Minister Narendra Modi have signed a deal worth $5 billion over the purchase of S-400 air defense system and have also agreed to jointly develop six nuclear power plants.

The meeting was held behind closed doors on Friday and was part of an ongoing two-day visit by Putin to India's capital New Delhi.  

The two leaders also oversaw the signing of a number of other agreements that covered areas such as economics and regional issues. Another key agreement involved cooperating over India's plan for a manned spaceinfo-icon mission.

India has witnessed an expanding space program, with the Indian Space Researchinfo-icon Organisation carrying out 97 spacecraft missions and 68 launch missions since its establishment in 1969.

The agreement that would allow Russiainfo-icon to build nuclear plants in India was unprecedented as it contradicted Delhi's previous policy of following the India-USinfo-icon Civil Nuclear Agreement framework that was signed in 2005.

The agreement which was signed during the tenure of former US president George W. Bush effectively led to Washington's decision to recognize India as a nuclear weaponsinfo-icon power. Based on it, the two countries had agreed to develop six US-designed reactors in India in 2016.

The US and India have agreed to move ahead with a plan to build six nuclear reactors in India.

US opposition to S-400 deal

India's purchase of Russia S-400 air defense system came amid earlier warnings from Washington over buying Russian arms which it had already said would be in violation of the sanctions against buying weapons from Moscowinfo-icon.  

The Trump administration has warned India that there could be "implications" for purchasing the S-400 missileinfo-icon defense system from Russia.

India has, however, signaled that it will ask Washington for a special waiver from the sanctions, though a US official last week suggested there was no guarantee such waivers would be issued.

The US has already imposed sanctions on Chinainfo-icon for its Russian arms purchases and has further threatened Turkeyinfo-icon that it would do the same if it finalizes its own S-400 deal. 

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov has condemned the US government's ban against Russia's weapons sales, describing it as a dishonest competition "to squeeze the main competitor of US makers out of the markets."