Russian President Vladimir Putin urged Israelinfo-icon on Thursday to focus on today's "different worldinfo-icon" after premier Benjamin Netanyahu evoked age-old tensions with Iraninfo-icon, ahead of a holiday marking an ancient victory.

In a meeting with Putin in Moscow, Netanyahu said Persia had made "an attempt to destroy the Jewish people that did not succeed" some 2,500 years ago, an event commemorated through the holiday of Purim, which Israel will celebrate on Sunday and Monday. "Today there is an attempt by Persia's heir, Iran, to destroy the state of the Jews," Netanyahu said.

"They say this as clearly as possible and inscribe it on their ballistic missiles." Adopting a more conciliatory tone, Putin said that the events described by Netanyahu had taken place "in the fifth century B.C." "We now live in a different world. Let usinfo-icon talk about that now," Putin said.

Putin's comment came after Netanyahu stressed that while Israel was capable of defending itself, the country -- and the whole world -- remained threatened by radical Shia Islam.

"The threat of radical Shia Islam threatens us no less than it does the region and the peace of the world, and I know that we are partners in the desire to prevent any kind of victory by radical Islam of any sort," Netanyahu said.

Ever since the Islamic revolution of 1979, Iran has been implacable in its opposition to Israel and has provided extensive support to certain Palestinian militant groups.

Hardliner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who served as president from 2005 to 2013, famously called for Israel to be "wiped off the map", a comment that sparked an international outcry.

Iranian officials have said the call refers to the state not the people, and underline that the Islamic republic has its own Jewish community. Russiainfo-icon and Iran are allies and both back the Syrian regime in a conflictinfo-icon that has killed 310,000 people since it erupted in March 2011 with protests against the rule of President Bashar al-Assad.

Putin is set to meet with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Moscow on March 10. The two presidents will likely focus on the situation in Syriainfo-icon, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said ahead of the meeting. 

"Certainly, the peace process and situation in Syria can't come off the agenda of any regional power, especially such as Turkeyinfo-icon and Israel," Peskov said.